John 1:1-18

I.                  John 1:1-18, Prologue

II.               Introduction

A.                Pray, share a little of your heart, your name and where you are from. Keep it short to honor the Word and give God glory. Then read John 1:1-18

B.                “Why are there four gospels? The ancient Christian writer Origen (185-254 a.d.) gave a good answer: there are not four gospels, but one four-fold gospel. Each gospel presents a different perspective on the life of Jesus, and we need all four to get the full picture.” – David Guzik

1.                “This remarkable, profound portion is not merely a preface or an introduction. It is a summation of the entire book. The remainder of John’s gospel will deal with the themes introduced here: the identity of the Word, life, light, regeneration, grace, truth, and the revelation of God the Father in Jesus the Son.” – David Guzik

C.                Who wrote the book of John and why?

1.                John the Apostle did, not to be confused with John the Baptist. John was first called a “son of thunder” (Mark 3:17) by Jesus, in other words a fiery man prone to wrath. He and James once wanted to call down fire from heaven to consume a Samaritan village that did not receive Jesus well.

a)               By the time John had written his epistles he was a changed man, and had become known as the Apostle of Love. God took a Son of Thunder and turned him into an Apostle of Love.

(1)            If God could change John from a son of thunder to an apostle of love, He can do the same with us.

b)               John probably wrote this gospel near the end of his life. 85-95 AD.

2.                John 20:31 “but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.”

a)               John tells us that he wrote these things that people might believe the signs of Jesus, signs that showed that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God (God Himself) and in believing you would be able to receive eternal life through Him.

b)               The Gospel of John is evangelical then, the point is for people, especially those who may not have had any knowledge of the Hebrew Bible, to come to have eternal life through believing in Jesus as God and Savior.

3.                It is written with both a Jewish and Gentile audience in mind, although it is evangelical in nature you can also tell that John wants his readers to not only accept Christ but to teach them how to grow in Christ. You can tell that it is written with a Gentile audience in mind when John explains Jewish customs, or translates words from Aramaic into Greek. You can tell when he is thinking of his Jewish audience when he points out signs that confirm Jesus as the Messiah.

a)               The book of John was also probably written with the goal of correcting some false doctrines that had risen up in the early church such as Gnosticism and Arianism. Gnosticism= Jesus was not fully human and was more of a spirit creature. Also that anything that is material is evil. Arianism = the denial of the deity of Christ.

4.                “a. John shows us who Jesus is by highlighting seven signs (miracles) of Jesus. Six of these miracles are not mentioned in the first three gospels.

b. John shows us who Jesus is by allowing Jesus to speak for Himself in seven dramatic I Am statements.

c. John shows us who Jesus is by calling forth witnesses who will testify about the identity of Jesus. Four of these witnesses speak in the first chapter alone.” –David Guzik

III.           John 1:1-5, God the Word, Source of Life and Light

A.                The entire good news of eternal life through believing in Jesus, starting with creation, including the death and sacrifice of Jesus that would take away the sins of the world, and the reunion of God with that of man is told in just the first chapter of John, as you will see as we study it.

1.                Today though, we will be studying just the first 18 verses of chapter one, in what is considered the prologue of the book.

B.                V1, John starts his gospel off in a way that reminds us of the first words in the Bible “In the beginning”. He started at the beginning, and from the beginning he is going to make a case for the divinity of Jesus, claiming that the Word was at the beginning of all creation, the Word was with God (somehow distinct yet equal) and furthermore still the Word was God.

1.                We have right at the start one of the evidences for the Triune God, here we see two persons in the Trinity being referred to as One. This is one of the most powerful claims of the deity of Christ in the Bible. To understand the connection on how we interpret Jesus Christ as the Word we must follow the flow of thought until it reaches the explanation in verse 17 on who, by name, is the Word.

2.                In verses 14-17, John says the Word became flesh, and that John bore witness of Him (the Word) and finally that the Word is the only begotten Son, Jesus Christ from whom came the fulfillment of the law, bringing grace upon grace and truth to mankind.

3.                “John begins his Gospel by speaking about the Word– but he does not explain at first who or what the Word is. A word is a unit of speech by which we express ourselves to others. But John is not writing about speech but rather about a Person. That Person is the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God. God has fully expressed Himself to mankind in the Person of the Lord Jesus. By coming into the world, Christ has perfectly revealed to us what God is like. By dying for us on the cross, He has told us how much God loves us. Thus Christ is God’s living Word to man, the expression of God’s thoughts.” Believer’s Bible Commentary, pg. 1466.

4.                The idea of the triune God is such a divine idea. It is no wonder we cannot comprehend it totally. What kind of person would come up with such a complex idea, that human words have such trouble explaining, unless it is truly part of the nature of a Divine Being. I once heard it said “If you could understand everything there is to know about God then He wouldn’t be God, would He?” (AKA how could a finite mind ever completely understand an infinite mind).

5.                “The evangelist, in the close of his discourse (v. 18), plainly tells us why he calls Christ the Word—because he is the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, and has declared him. Word is two-fold: logos endiathetos—word conceived; and logos prophorikos—word uttered. The logos ho esoµ and ho exoµ, ratio and oratio—intelligence and utterance. 1. There is the word conceived, that is, thought, which is the first and only immediate product and conception of the soul (all the operations of which are performed by thought), and it is one with the soul. And thus the second person in the Trinity is fitly called the Word; for he is the first-begotten of the Father, that eternal essential Wisdom which the Lord possessed, as the soul does its thought, in the beginning of his way, Prov. 8:22. There is nothing we are more sure of than that we think, yet nothing we are more in the dark about than how we think; who can declare the generation of thought in the soul? Surely then the generations and births of the eternal mind may well be allowed to be great mysteries of godliness, the bottom of which we cannot fathom, while yet we adore the depth. 2. There is the word uttered, and this is speech, the chief and most natural indication of the mind. And thus Christ is the Word, for by him God has in these last days spoken to us (Heb. 1:2), and has directed us to hear him, Mt. 17:5. He has made known God’s mind to us, as a man’s word or speech makes known his thoughts, as far as he pleases, and no further. Christ is called that wonderful speaker (see notes on Dan. 8:13), the speaker of things hidden and strange. He is the Word speaking from God to us, and to God for us. John Baptist was the voice, but Christ the Word: being the Word, he is the Truth, the Amen, the faithful Witness of the mind of God.” – Matthew Henry

a)               Calling Jesus the Word of God is one of the best ways to describe Jesus because it describes what Jesus came to do and what He did do. He declared to us the thoughts and words of God, we can know some of the mind of God through Jesus, the Word, who took the mind of God and proclaimed it through His life and His spoken Words. This is what Matthew Henry is stating, that the title the “Word of God” is descriptive of who Jesus is and what He did and does.

C.                V1, side note on the translation of verse 1. Jehovah’s Witnesses translate it as “and the Word (speaking of Christ) a god”. Their reasoning is because there is no definite article in the Greek that it must be saying the word is just “a god”.

1.                In “The Big Book of Bible Difficulties” Norman Geisler and Thomas Howe state in regards to this “In Greek, when the definite article is used, it often stresses the individual, and, when it is not present, it refers to the nature, of the one denoted. Thus, the verse can be rendered, “and the Word was of the nature of God.” The full deity of Christ is supported not only by general usage of the same construction, but by other references in John to Jesus being God (cf. 8:58; 10:30; 20:28) and the rest of the NT (cf. Col. 1:15-16; 2:9; Titus 2:13).

Furthermore, some NT texts use the definite article and speak of Christ as “the God”. So it does not matter whether John did or did not use the definite article here- the Bible clearly teaches that Jesus is God, not just a god (cf. Heb. 1:8).

That Jesus is Jehovah (Yahweh) is clear from the fact that the NT attributes to Jesus characteristics which in the OT apply only to God (cf. John 19:37 and Zech. 12:10).”

a)               So God left out the definite article because He wanted to communicate that Jesus is of the very nature of God, which falls in line with the rest of what the scriptures teach about Jesus. And even if you did have the definite article it would be the God, as some other manuscripts state, not a God, which still falls in line with Triune Theology- perhaps even more so since it would stress the individuality of God while maintaining in the context that there was more than one person in the one God

2.                “The deliberate distortion of truth by this sect is seen in their New Testament translations. John 1:1 is translated: ‘ . . . the Word was a god,’ a translation which is grammatically impossible. It is abundantly clear that a sect which can translate the New Testament like that is intellectually dishonest.” (Dr. William Barclay).

3.                “In answer to this approach to Greek grammar and translation, we can only refer to the multitude of other times in the New Testament where “God” appears without the article. If the Watchtower were honest and consistent, they would translate “God” as “god” every place it appears without the article. But it seems that this grammatical rule only applies when it suits the purpose of backing up the doctrinal beliefs of the Watchtower. The Greek text of Matthew 5:9; 6:24; Luke 1:35; 1:75; John 1:6; 1:12-13; 1:18; Romans 1:7, and 1:17, shows how the Watchtower translates the exact same grammar for “God” as “God” instead of “god” when it suits their purpose.” –David Guzik

D.               V2, “He”, so the Word is a He. The Word is a person who was in the beginning, is God Himself but also was with God. The Greek word for beginning here is Arche, which can also be translated as ‘’origin” and signifies the active cause by which creation came to be. In science they call this the question of origins, or the origin of life question, the first Chapter of John claims an answer to the origin of life, that it was made through the Word of God, Jesus Christ. Jesus is the Axiom.

1.                There is a repetition of thought here, yet with more detail in that the Word is a He. Any time the Bible repeats something it does so to add emphasis and clarity. Being that the thought is repeated it means we should pay extra attention to what is being said here, it is circular for a reason. God wants us to understand this, that the Word, Jesus, is the origin of all created life.

a)               Also, it is not simply just a repetition, it is a statement that who He is, God as declared in verse 1, has been something that has been true for eternity past.

E.                V3, All things were made through Him, the person Word, all things that were made that is. There was one thing that was never made, God Himself, which is why it says all things that were made were made through Him. The Gospel of John declares that make no mistake, nothing was made without Him that was made. The Word is the originator of all life, all that came to exist exists because He made it. Nature did not happen by natural chances or selection, it was purposefully and deliberately made. God did not just make the base elements and then let nature take it’s course, all things that were made through Him.

1.                If we go back to Genesis chapter 1, we will see that it says over and over “Then God said, “Let there be…” and there was. God the Father was the head, the overseer of creation, it was Jesus who spoke it all into being and the Holy Spirit was the one materializing it all.

a)               “All three Persons of the Godhead were involved in the work of creation: “God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen. 1:1). “The Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters” (Gen. 1:2). “All things were created through Him (Christ) and for Him.” (Col. 1:16b).” –Believer’s Bible Commentary

2.                This is further evidence for a literal view of the creation account in Genesis 1, here in John we see that Jesus, the Word, was the creator of all things. It was through the Word, spoken words, that God brought all things that were made into being.

3.                “The verb was made is perfect tense in the Greek, which means a “completed act.” Creation is finished. It is not a process still going on, even though God is certainly at work in His creation (John 5:17). Creation is not a process; it is a finished product.” –The Wiersbe Bible Commentary

F.                 V4, He was the origin of creation itself, and He would become the origin of renewed creation to those who were dead in sin. The life contained in Him was the light of men, it was the one hope, the revelation for men to have life again, true life, eternal life.

1.                “Note that life is not said to have been created; life existed in Christ (5:26; 6:57; 10:10; 11:25; 14:6, 17:3, 20:31). Humans are dependent on God for life. Our existence, spiritually and physically, depends on God’s sustaining power. In contrast, the Son has life in Himself from all eternity. The life, Jesus Christ, is also the light of men. This image conveys the concept of revelation. As the light, Jesus Christ reveals both sin and God to humans (see Ps. 36:9). Later in this Gospel, Christ declares Himself to be both the life (11:25) and the light (8:12). Death and darkness flee when the life and light enter. The dead are raised and the blind receive their sight, both physically and spiritually.”-Nelson’s NKJV Study Bible Notes

G.                V5, This light, the knowledge of God and the way to eternal life shined in the darkness of this world, but the world did not comprehend it, it did not, as a majority receive it.

1.                 Or if the word comprehend should be translated as “overcome” then it means the darkness did not overcome the light of Christ, Christ won the battle and could not prevent Him from shining the true light.

2.                CORRELATION TO John 1:1-5; Col. 1:15-20, Paul says about the same thing just in different words. He calls Jesus the image of the invisible God (We learned from John that Jesus was revealing the unseen God to us in His life). Paul says that by Him all things were created (just as John stated). Paul says that he is before all things, (just as John said, Jesus pre-existed all things that were made), yet more so Paul adds that not only were all things made through Him that were made, but all things continue to exist because Jesus holds them together. Paul states that Jesus is the first born of the dead (we briefly mentioned that Jesus is life, the originator of life and here we see that as we mentioned before He is the originator of renewed life, resurrected life). Paul says in Him the fullness of God dwells (just as John stated, the fullness of God dwelt in Him, Jesus the Word was the fullness of God in the flesh and as we will see later on in John Chapter 1 Jesus is the link, the redeemer, of God with man). We see that out of His fullness we received grace and truth, Paul here in Colossians explains what this fullness is in more detail (salvation and spiritual rebirth through the work of Christ by the blood of His cross and His resurrection from the dead).

IV.            V6-9 John the Baptist, Witness to the Light

A.                V6, This man sent from God was not the same John as the John who wrote this gospel, this is speaking about John the Baptist. Some people wondered if John the Baptist was the Messiah, to which he denied and John the Apostle here refutes.

1.                Nevertheless, John was a man sent from God with a very specific ministry, to foretell of and identify the Messiah. God did not want the coming of His Son, the Savior of mankind to be a secret. It was from the very get go a very public occasion, full of miraculous confirmation all the way through, unlike the start of many other false religions which tend to start in secret caves with no or sketchy eyewitnesses.

2.                “God gave him (John the Baptist) both his mission and his message, both his credentials and his instructions. John wrought no miracle, nor do we find that he had visions and revelations; but the strictness and purity of his life and doctrine, and the direct tendency of both to reform the world, and to revive the interests of God’s kingdom among men, were plain indications that he was sent of God.” –Matthew Henry, parenthesis mine.

B.                V7, As stated above, his purpose was very specific in life- be a witness of the light that people would believe in the light. God sent him ahead of Jesus to baptize people, at the time a symbol of repentance and prepare them for the coming of the Messiah. This is exactly what John did up until the point of his martyrdom. He decreased so that Jesus would increase, he pointed others towards the only one who could save them.

C.                V8, It is here clearly stated that John was not the light, but was instead a man sent to bear witness of the light. There should be no confusion for the reader, John the Baptist was not the Messiah but was a forerunner and herald for the Messiah.

1.                Application: I believe that we should take note of John the Baptist, and do the same thing he did. We are not the light, all we can do is bear witness to the light so that others may believe in the light (Jesus) and have eternal life. We can’t save the world, we can only point to the One who can. We are to proclaim the second coming of the Lord, and prepare the way for it, always decreasing so that Christ may increase in us.

D.               V9, Jesus is called here the true light. He is not a false light (and there have been many false “lights” throughout history), but a true light. When something is true you can trust in it. Jesus came into this world to bring true revelation, true enlightenment on how to have eternal life to every man in the world. The truth of the Gospel is for every man even if every man may not decide to accept the light. We know that salvation is for every man, since it says here that the true light came to give light to “every man” and not just a selected few.

V.                V10-13, The Raw Gospel, born by belief in His name.

A.                These verses sum up the entire gospel of Jesus Christ, that if you believe in His name you will be born again, born as a child of God. John has still yet to write out the name of who this Light, which he earlier called the Word is, but we see in V17 that all the dots connect to the Light, the Life and the Word being Jesus Christ. Before making this study I had not realized that the Bible taught how to be born again before John chapter 3, but here in the first few verses we see the same thing that Jesus teaches later on, being born again by faith.

B.                V10, Although Jesus had made the world, when He came to the world, the world did not know him.

1.                The Greek word for know here is Ginosko, and it means 1. To learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of, perceive, feel. A. to become known. 3. Jewish idiom for sexual intercourse between a man and a woman.

a)               In other words, for the most part, the world did not come to have a personal relationship with its creator. Although He came into this world, the very world he created, the world as a majority did not recognize him. It shows you how far creation had fallen, that they did not even recognize the very one who had made them.

C.                V11, This verse is very sad. Because He, Jesus, came to His own. To His own dominion, to the creation that was His. More so His own, that is His own people did not receive Him. Jesus first came to God’s chosen people of Israel, but as a nation they did not receive Him.

D.               V12-13, “But” Thankfully there is a ‘but’ here. Although the world as a majority did not receive it’s creator, and God’s people as a nation did not receive it’s Messiah, God still gave those whom did receive him the right to become Children of God.

1.                These were born “not of blood”. Becoming a child of God has nothing to do with being born of the lineage of Israel, it has to do with receiving the Messiah, the Christ. Through belief, through having confidence in and trusting in the name of Jesus one is born of God, or born again as Jesus teaches later on in John chapter 3.

2.                “nor of the will of the flesh” or in other words by human striving. You can’t earn you way into being a child of God, you must be born one. And even when you do decide to believe in Jesus, it is still God by His Spirit who causes the spiritual birth, not the strength of human will or flesh.

3.                “nor of the will of man” The Amplified Bible renders this phrase “nor to the will of man [that of a natural father]” Your natural, or earthly father, can’t will you to become a child of God. It has to be of your own will to receive Jesus. If you want to become a child of God it has to be your own choice to believe in the name of Jesus.

4.                “but of God” it is only of God that a person can be born a child of God, He alone can cause this. And He offers this to any who would receive it, as we just read.

VI.            V14-18, The Word, the Light, and the Life is Jesus Christ.

A.                Finally we reach the point where John is going to explain what he has been talking about in the last 13 verses, that Jesus Christ is the Word become flesh, the true light that brings life to all who believe on His name.

B.                V14, Here we see that the Word, God Himself, becomes incarnate and dwelt among us.

1.                Flesh is Sarx in Greek, meaning “flesh (the soft substance of the living body, which covers the bones and is permeated with blood) of both man and beasts.” In other words, Jesus, God Himself, became fully human, in a living body just like ours, with blood and all.

2.                Dwelt in Greek is Skeeno, which means “1. To fix one’s tabernacle, have one’s tabernacle, abide (or live) in a tabernacle (or tent), tabernacle.” So the Word in the flesh tabernacled with mankind. In the OT the Tabernacle was a symbol of God’s protection and communion with His people. Jesus in His physical body was the fulfillment of this symbol, literally dwelling with His people in order to make full communion with them possible. Jesus is the New Tabernacle, He later calls His body the Temple of God. Jesus is the new place of worship for believers, a temple made without human hands.

3.                “We beheld His glory” The apostles saw the glory of the Word in the flesh. They saw the very presence of God as revealed through the person of Jesus. And what was His glory full of? Grace and truth.

a)               Grace and truth are the main things that Jesus came to reveal to us. The truth that Jesus came to proclaim was that God wanted to show grace (unmerited favor) to His creation, and that this was the only truth, the only way to know God’s grace would be through Himself.

C.                V15, Just in case you were confused of who this Word become flesh is, in whom there is grace and truth, John the Apostle confirms that this is the same guy that John the Baptist was talking about. He is linking all his thoughts together in these verses (14-18).

1.                John the Baptist says Jesus was before him, yet John is physically older than Jesus by 6 months. When John says Jesus existed before him he is saying that Jesus is eternal.

D.               V16, We received from His fullness (or abundance), and what is Jesus, the Word, the true light and the life full of? He is full of grace piled up upon grace. This is what He offers us to receive from Him, grace upon grace.

E.                V17, “The law was given through Moses” God gave mankind Law through Moses, but he showed grace upon grace by sending Jesus to fulfill the law for us, being that we were unable to do so. This is the truth of God, the true revelation of who God is, a God full of grace that desires for His creation to know His grace personally and intimately.

1.                “Jesus Christ has fullness of grace and truth (John 1:16-17). Grace is God’s favor and kindness bestowed on those who do not deserve it and cannot earn it. If God dealt with us only according to truth, none of us would survive, but He deals with us on the basis of grace and truth. Jesus Christ, in His life, death and resurrection, met all the demands of the law; now God is free to share fullness of grace with those who trust Christ. Grace without truth would be deceitful, and truth without grace would be condemning.

In John 1:17, John did not suggest that there was no grace under the law of Moses, because there was. Each sacrifice was an expression of the grace of God. The law also revealed God’s truth. But in Jesus Christ, grace and truth reach their fullness, and this fullness is available to us. We are saved by grace (Eph. 2:8-9), but we also live by grace (1 Cor. 15:10) and depend on God’s grace in all that we do. We can receive one grace after another, for “He giveth more grace” (James 4:6). In John 1:17, John hinted that a whole new order had come in, replacing the Mosaic system.” –The Wiersby Bible Commentary, pg. 230.

a)               I think it is more accurate to say that God had mercy on man when He sent His law, but grace as not shown in truth until Jesus Christ came to fulfill the law. Mercy is not getting what you deserve, grace is getting what you do not deserve to get. God showed mercy on man by receiving the sacrifices on the alter, but this did not take the sin away, it only covered it. God showed grace through Jesus Christ by taking away the sins of the world completely and giving what we did not deserve to us, eternal life and adoption.

b)               Old Covenant was through Moses, New Covenant of Grace and Truth through Jesus.

2.                Grace and truth are the great equalizers of holiness, the false prophets of the OT would talk of grace without truth, and deceived themselves and others by it. The Pharisees of the NT lived for the zeal of truth, but in leaving out grace they shut both themselves and others out of the Kingdom of God. So we need both grace and truth, you must have one in order to have the proper amount of the other. The only way that grace and truth could be reconciled and equalized was through Jesus Christ, the way, the truth, and the life, the giver of grace, He brought us the fullness of grace and truth and in Him is found the balance of the two.

F.                 V18, This verse helps us to understand the truth part a little bit more. We can understand the grace part in that Jesus came to show the grace of God to mankind, but He also came to show us in truth what God is like. No one has ever seen God the Father in all His glory, with human eyes. In fact if you ever did you would drop dead. When you study the life of Jesus and the words of Jesus you are seeing the truth of who God is, God is declared to us through Him. The invisible God becomes visible to us through Jesus.

1.                “The word translated “declared” gives us our English word exegesis, which means “to explain, to unfold, to lead the way.” Jesus Christ explains God to us and interprets Him for us. We simply cannot understand God apart from knowing His Son, Jesus Christ.” –The Wiersbe Bible Commentary, pg. 230.

2.                “The word Son is used for the first time in John’s gospel as a title for Jesus Christ (John 1:18). The phrase “only-begotten” means “unique, the only one of its kind.” It does not suggest that there was a time when the Son was not, and then the Father brought Him into being. Jesus Christ is the eternal God; He has always existed.” – The Wiersbe Bible Commentary, pg. 230.

3.                Although no one has seen God face to face other than Jesus, the Bible also tells us that through the gift of God’s grace of salvation that we will one day see Him face to face, once this mortal man puts on immortality. So not only did Jesus declare the unseen God to us, but through Him we will one day see God face to face in all His glory.

4.                CORRELATION: 1 John 1:1-4, The first words of 1 John are an echo of the Apostle John’s gospel, stating that which was from the beginning, the same revelation that they had been believing and teaching from the start of it all, way back in Genesis up until the coming of Christ and beyond. They had seen (the Apostles, John included) the Word become flesh with their own eyes, they had touched the hands of God with their own hand. They had seen life become manifest, Jesus the Eternal Life, and here John testifies that they are proclaiming as eyewitnesses the way to know this eternal life. His desire through his epistle which he is writing, and the desire of all the apostles/writers of the scriptures have been the same, that they would know the fellowship of God, and then consequently have fellowship with the children of God as well. Both the joy of the receiver and the joy of the proclaimers would be complete if this were so. As you can see John reiterates in his first epistle many of the same themes and words that we were just studying in the Gospel of John, such as key themes as the eternal and divine nature of Jesus, that Jesus is the life, and that this life became manifest (physically flesh), and that you can have a relationship with God through Jesus the Eternal Life.

VII.         Conclusion and Overview

A.                The Gospel of John was written by a man that Jesus had personally changed, being that God took John from being a “son of thunder” to an “Apostle of Love”. It should be our prayer as we ready and study through this gospel that Jesus would be changing our hearts as well, conforming us more into His image.

B.                The Word is God and existed before all things that were made, and through the Word everything was made. In the Word is the true light, or the true revelation of God to man, and in the Light is both the origin of life and the origin of renewed life.

C.                God sent John the Baptist ahead of this true light to be a witness of the Light. John the Apostle makes sure it is clear in the mind of the reader that John the Baptist was only a forerunner to the true Light and not the true Light itself. God was not trying to hide the light but declare it publicly.

D.               Through believing in the Light, this light which came to the world, the world which was His own, even though His own did not receive Him men can have the right to become Children of God, through no other means except being born again.

E.                The Word becomes flesh, God became fully human and lived among us, bringing us the full revelation of His truth and His grace, fulfilling the law that we could not fulfill. Through Jesus Christ we have received grace upon grace. This grace upon grace is how Jesus declared the unseen God to us.

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